12 january 2017, 19:38
Road transport plays a leading role in the transportation of passengers provides about 80% of global passenger traffic and cargo on short and medium distance ranks first in volume of transported cargoes. The main advantage of this type of transportation to maneuver from home to home. Among other modes of transport he is the leader and longest network of roads 28 million km or 70% of the global transport network.
A large part of the car Park and the road network is concentrated in developed countries.
When the total number of cars in the world in excess of 650 million, about 80% of them concentrated in North America, Western Europe and Japan. The size of the car Park are leading the United States 215 million Japan 64 Germany 45 Italy 35 France 33 UK 28 Russia 20 Spain 20 Canada 20 Brazil 16.
However, the level of motorization is more fair says the number of cars per 1000 inhabitants. The leading countries here, the United States 765 Luxembourg Malaysia 685 640 620 Australia Malta Brunei 610 590 565 Italy Austria Canada 560 560 N.
Zealand 560 545 540 Germany Japan Portugal Kuwait 540 530 525 Iceland and others In this group involves not only developed countries but also oil-exporting countries, NIS and others.
The greatest length of roads have USA 6300 thousand km 3350 India Brazil China 1725 1700 1160 Japan Canada France 900 900 810 Australia Spain Russia 665 590.
The highest density of roads are European countries, primarily Belgium, the Netherlands кмкм2 4700 2770 1800 Switzerland and others Japan 3100. In the countries-giants even highly economically this is much lower e.
g. in the USA 670 200 Brazil Canada and Australia 100 Russia 32.
Cargo turnover of automobile transport, the first place occupy the USA.
In some countries and regions of the world, the CIS, foreign Europe North America motorway form a unified transport system of the state.
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